Thope A. Matobo, Makhala B. Khoeli, Regina M.Mpemi
National University of Lesotho
The HIV and AIDS scourge has been with us for over 20 years and it continues to challenge us globally. In the years since their discovery, HIV and AIDS have aroused more concern than any other health conditions from research and media coverage and yet the epidemic is still progressing and no cure has yet been found. Since the onset of HIV epidemic more than 60 million people have been infected with HIV.
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Although HIV and AIDS have now been identified in nearly all the countries, the prevalence or scale of infection varies widely both between and within countries. The virus reached the global regions at different times and has spread faster or slower in various populations, depending on different factors. In Sub-Saharan Africa - the worst affected region in the world, HIV/AIDS represents a severe development crisis. According to UNAIDS (2003), even if exceptionally effective prevention, treatment and care programmes take hold immediately, the scale of the epidemic means human and socio-economic toll will be massive for many generations...