Dira Khama I National University of Lesotho
This article examines the perceptions of key stakeholders on the roles and responsibilities of the government and the churches in Lesotho’s educational provision. It argues that effectiveness in social organisations such as the government and the churches is determined by structural issues such as roles and responsibilities. This study has used both the qualitative and quantitative methods such as interviews and survey questionnaires. The findings of this study support the pluralist approach that favour the collaboration of the state with the voluntary agencies such as the churches in the provision of education. It is found that although the roles and responsibilities were divided between the government and the churches there were some ambiguities and dual accountability on certain areas which hinder smooth running of the education system. The major educational reforms that recognise the mandatory responsibility of the government and encourage local community members’ involvement in education are supported by different groups of stakeholders. It concludes by suggesting the adoption of a pluralist approach in educational provision as a measure toward alleviating ills of educational provision in Lesotho and elsewhere. The article asserts that a pluralist approach is consistent with democratic principles of good governance and decentralisation that recognizes the civil liberties.