Polile A. Molumeli et al I National University of Lesotho
Central to most discussions on the state of the environment in Lesotho is the accelerating degradation of the productive base. For more than fifty years, land degradation and related soil erosion have been acknowledged as serious problems in Lesotho. Some important contributory factors include: (a) over-grazing of rangelands involving the selective removal of palatable climax species, leaving behind a modified habitat; (b) soil loss in the form of gully erosion and biomass removal; (c) loss of organic content and nutrient loss; (d) reduced water holding capacity and lowering of water tables; (e) general damage to soil structure and quality.
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